Treja Valley Regional Park

Treja Valley Regional Park

The unspoilt nature of the Treja valley

The Treja Valley Regional Park lies in the surroundings of Calcata, a town which also hosts the Park headquarters. This protected area, stretching for almost 650 hectares, is crossed by the Treja river and falls partially within the Municipality of Mazzano Romano.

The Park is open to visitors in all seasons, and throughout the year welcomes many tourists, attracted by this beautiful and evocative landscape, which offers a close contact with nature, and encloses the traces of the ancient Faliscan civilization. 

Continue reading to get more information! Or if you want to know everything about the park, download the guide of the Treja Valley Park.

Panorama del Parco su Calcata

Panorama del Parco su Calcata

Santuario Monte li Santi

Santuario Monte li Santi

Un sentiero del Parco Valle del Treja

Un sentiero del Parco Valle del Treja

Torrente la Mola

Torrente la Mola

Chiesa di Santa Maria di Castelvecchio

Chiesa di Santa Maria di Castelvecchio

Torre Medievale di Santa Maria di Castelvecchio

Torre Medievale di Santa Maria di Castelvecchio

Cascate di Monte Gelato

Cascate di Monte Gelato

Mola di Monte Gelato

Mola di Monte Gelato

The Park’s territory

This area is defined by the presence of the red tuff rock Ravines, a signature formation of the Afro Falisco territory. The Ravines are vertical rock faces of volcanic origins, covered in thick vegetation, which over time have been carved by the flowing of watercourses.

As has has done the course of the Treja river, creating a series of small and large waterfalls, particularly concentrated in the area of Monte Gelato

 

Vegetation and wildlife

The vegetation of the park is in large part constituted by mixed forests. The presence of the river has made it possible for species of trees which require the proximity of water, for instance poplars, to flourish in this valley. Moving upwards one can also encounter holm oaks, cork oaks and hazel trees.

The wildlife which populates the park is that typical of the Agro Falisco area. One can encounter mammals such as foxes, hedgehogs, dormice, porcupines and wild boars.

Also otters imported here from South America, inhabit the valley.

Various species of birds-of-prey can be spotted in these skies, such as the peregrine falcon, the sparrow-hawk, the black kite, buzzards and owls.

During an excursion in the valley, one can also catch sight of woodpeckers, redbreast robins and nightingales. 

 

The Faliscans in the valley

During the Faliscan period, an important city centre rose in these lands: it was the town of Narce.

Three different settlements, all within the limits of the park, came under the city district of Narce. These were the town of Narce itself, Monte li Santi, and Pizzopiede. The wealth and influence of the area are demonstrated by a number of findings unearthed in the many necropolis spread throughout the territory. The majority of these relics have been displayed by both the National Museum of the Agro Falisco, and the Museum of Villa Giulia in Rome. The town of Narce is probably to be dated to a time prior to the foundation of the Faliscan capital city of Falerii Veteres, today’s Civita Castellana.

Within the valley one can explore the ruins of these necropolis and what remains of the road network constructed by the Faliscans. In addition to these, it is possible to visit the ruins of a monumental edifice, in all likelihood dedicated to fertility, which lies at the feet of Monte li Santi.

Following the Roman conquest of the Faliscan lands, Narce gradually lost its influence. The city was given new life during the Middle Ages, the time in which both the town centres of Calcata and Mazzano Romano were also founded. 

 

The Treja Valley Park, presenting such varied features, being so rich of history and offering stunning views, is a must-see location for those who want to truly experience the Agro Falisco!

Where is the Treja Valley Regional Park

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